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Sfântu Gheorghe

Coordinates: 45°51′49″N 25°47′15″E / 45.86361°N 25.78750°E / 45.86361; 25.78750
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Sfântu Gheorghe
Descending, from top: Fortified reformed church, County library, Mikó Székely college, Fogolyánhouse, stone mine near Őrkő, nature near Benedekmező, art gallery
Location in Covasna County
Location in Covasna County
Sfântu Gheorghe is located in Romania
Sfântu Gheorghe
Sfântu Gheorghe
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 45°51′49″N 25°47′15″E / 45.86361°N 25.78750°E / 45.86361; 25.78750
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Árpád András Antal [hu; ro][1] (UDMR)
72.92 km2 (28.15 sq mi)
555 m (1,821 ft)
 • Density690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Postal code
Area code(+40) 02 67
Vehicle reg.CV

Sfântu Gheorghe (pronounced [ˈsfɨntu ˈɡe̯orɡe] ; Hungarian: Sepsiszentgyörgy or Szentgyörgy [ˈʃɛpʃisɛɲɟørɟ] ; Yiddish: סנט דזשארדזש; English lit.: Saint George) is a city that serves as the seat of Covasna County in Transylvania, Romania. Located in the central part of the country, it lies on the Olt River in a valley between the Baraolt Mountains and the Bodoc Mountains [ro]. The town administers two villages, Chilieni (Kilyén) and Coșeni (Szotyor).



Sfântu Gheorghe is one of the oldest urban settlements in Transylvania, the town first having been documented in 1332. The town takes its name from Saint George, the patron of the local church. Historically, it was also known in German as Sankt Georgen. The "sepsi" prefix (sebesisepsi, meaning "of Sebes") refers to the area which the ancestors of the local Székely population had inhabited before settling to the area of the town. The previous area of their settlement was around the town of "Sebes" (now Sebeș, in Alba County) which later became populated mainly by Transylvanian Saxons (German: Siebenbürger Sachsen), being known as Mühlbach in German.

While part of the Kingdom of Hungary, the town was the economic and administrative center of the Hungarian county of Háromszék, which spanned the present-day Covasna County and parts of Brașov County. In the second half of the 19th century, Sepsiszentgyörgy witnessed the development of light industry, a textile and a cigarette factory being built. In the aftermath of World War I, the Union of Transylvania with Romania was declared in December 1918. At the start of the Hungarian–Romanian War of 1918–1919, the town passed under Romanian administration. After the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, it became part of the Kingdom of Romania and the seat of Trei Scaune County. In 1940, the Second Vienna Award granted Northern Transylvania to the Kingdom of Hungary. Near the end of that period, the Sfântu Gheorghe ghetto briefly existed in the town. In October 1944, during World War II, Romanian and Soviet armies entered the town. The territory of Northern Transylvania remained under Soviet military administration until March 9, 1945, after which it became again part of Romania; the Paris Peace Treaties of 1947 reaffirmed the town and the entirety of Transylvania as a Romanian territory. Between 1952 and 1960, Sfântu Gheorghe was the southernmost town of the Magyar Autonomous Region, and between 1960 and 1968 it was part of the Brașov Region. In 1968, when Romania was reorganized based on counties rather than regions, the city became the seat of Covasna County.

Sfântu Gheorghe is one of the centres for the Székely people in the region known to them as Székelyföld in Hungarian – which means "Székely Land", and is home to the Székely National Museum. The town hosts two market fairs each year.


Historical population
1912 8,665—    
1930 10,818+24.8%
1948 14,224+31.5%
1956 17,638+24.0%
1966 20,768+17.7%
1977 40,804+96.5%
1992 68,359+67.5%
2002 61,512−10.0%
2011 54,312−11.7%
2021 50,080−7.8%
Source: Census data

At the 2021 census, the city had a population of 50,080.[3] The majority of the inhabitants are Hungarians. At the 2011 census, 41,233 (74%) of the city's 56,006 inhabitants declared themselves as ethnic Hungarians, 11,807 (21%) as Romanians, 398 (0.7%) as Roma, and 2,562 as other ethnicities or no information.[4] 74% had Hungarian as first language, and 21% Romanian.[5]





The predominant industry in the city is the textile industry. The city holds underutilized production capabilities such as a downsized automobile transmission parts and gearboxes factory (IMASA SA) and a tobacco factory (ȚIGARETE SA [ro]).[citation needed]

Services sector contains growing areas such as IT services with ROMARG SRL the leading domain registrar and web hosting provider in Romania having its headquarters here.[citation needed]





The main sport in the city is football. The city has a men's football team, called Sepsi OSK Sfântu Gheorghe (Sepsiszentgyörgyi OSK). In the 2016–2017 season the team was promoted from Liga II and currently plays in Liga I.



Sfântu Gheorghe has also a women's basketball team, called ACS Sepsi SIC. The club competes in Liga Națională (the Romanian First League). Sepsi SIC has won the Romanian Championship 7 times: in the 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2021, 2022, and 2023 seasons.



The city also has a futsal team which plays in the Romanian First Division. The name of the team is Futsal Club Sfântu Gheorghe (Sepsiszentgyörgyi Futsal Club).


The Covasna County Library

The city has two theaters (the Andrei Mureșanu Theater and the Tamási Áron Theater), a county library (the Covasna County Library [ro]), and two museums (the National Museum of the Eastern Carpathians [ro] and the Székely National Museum [ro]).

The Hungarian artist Jenő Gyárfás was born there and was a lifelong resident. His former studio is now an art gallery and exhibition hall.[6]


The main building of the Mikó High School




  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (XLS). National Institute of Statistics.
  3. ^ "Populația rezidentă după grupa de vârstă, pe județe și municipii, orașe, comune, la 1 decembrie 2021" (in Romanian). INSSE. 31 May 2023.
  4. ^ Tab8. Populația stabilă după etnie – județe, municipii, orașe, comune, 2011 census results, Institutul Național de Statistică, accessed 27 March 2020.
  5. ^ Tab10. Populația stabilă după limba maternă – județe, municipii, orașe, comune, 2011 census results, Institutul Național de Statistică, accessed 27 March 2020.
  6. ^ The "Gyárfás Jenő" Art Gallery in Sfântu Gheorghe Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine @ Muzeul Național Secuiesc